Responding to Kritiks

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Policy vs Ks

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Phil vs Ks


A permutation is an argument in debate which is used to respond to some sort of alternate method/plan proposed by the negative debater (counterplans and kritik alternatives). Permutations can either be a test of competition or a reason to vote affirmative. In order for permutations to be a reason to vote affirmative, they must have a net benefit, i.e. some reason as to why doing the aff and the neg’s alternative is a good idea.

Types of permutations

Permutation do both: One of the most standard types of permutations; it just means that you can do both the affirmative and the kritik alternative at the same time.

Sequencing permutation: A permutation which argues that it is necessary to do the affirmative and then the alternative.

Permutation do the aff in the mindset of the alternative: This permutation is usually read against alternatives which suggest some sort of shift in mindset and suggests passing the aff with the mindset shift of the alternative.

Permutation double bind: This is considered a more “tricky” permutation. The text of the permutation usually is: “permutation do the aff and then the alternative in all other instances, either a] the alt is strong enough to solve for the links in which case we can do the aff, or b] the alt is too weak in which case we shouldn’t do it.

Severance Permutation: This is also considered a more “tricky” permutation. It argues that the affirmative will sever out of some part/all of their aff in conjunction with doing the alternative.

Miscellaneous notes about permutations

  • a common answer to permutations is that the link(s) of the kritik is a disad to all permutations
  • most people shorten alternative to “alt” and permutation to “perm”